Indica / Sativa / Hybrid
Modern cannabis strains can be imagined as falling along a spectrum with true indica on one end and true sativa on the other. Depending on where the strain falls on the spectrum, it will either have more indica or more sativa dominant characteristics. A strain with one true indica parent and one true sativa parent, falls directly in the middle of the spectrum and is considered to be a hybrid.
Indica/Indica-dominant plants are short with thick leaves and minimal space on the branches between the buds. A tiny space between nodes leaves little room to expand, causing the flowers to become round and dense. Sativa/sativa dominant plants are tall with skinny leaves and plenty of space between the nodes. The extra room allows the buds to expand and become stretched and fluffy. Hybrid varieties will display characteristics of both Indica and
Sativa plants more dominantly depending on where they fall on spectrum.
Not only do they grow differently, the reported effects of consuming an indica or indica-
dominant hybrid, versus the effects of a sativa or sativa-dominant hybrid are different. Today
we know that it’s not solely the type of strain that will determine its psychoactive effects or
medicinal value. However, traditionally indica strains and indica-dominant hybrids have been
said to provide that heavy “stoned” feeling that smoking cannabis is widely known for. When
people consume indica strains they often report feeling deep body relaxation and notice relief
from things like chronic pain, anxiety, muscle spasms, and insomnia. Consuming sativa and
sativa-dominant hybrid strains has been said to provide a cerebral energetic “high” that is great
for creativity and productivity. Sativa consumption has been associated with relief from
ailments like migraines, depression, nausea, pain, and lack of appetite.