Terpenes play a significant role in the way we experience cannabis. The distinct and unique aromas of cannabis, that we know and love, come from aromatic oils, secreted in the trichomes, called terpenes. Terpenes are found in many kinds of plants beyond cannabis, and in a few types of insects. In plants, terpenes have an important evolutionary function, as these aroma-heavy oils developed over time to ward off herbivores, attract predator insects that feed on a plant’s “enemies”, and attract pollinators.
Cannabis plants are known to produce well over
100 different terpenes, in varying concentrations and combinations, accounting for the variety of aromas our modern strains provide. The terpene content and concentration of a cannabis plant will vary depending on the location on the plant where it’s synthesized.
For example, an outdoor cannabis plant may emit a citrusy, insect repelling terpene from the trichomes in its
upper leaves and branches, while simultaneously emitting a peppery, spicy terpene from its lower branches to deter larger animals from eating it.
Exposure to light, moisture, and changes in temperature, during growth, harvest, and processing, also affect terpene content and concentration. Terpenes dissipate into
the air very easily and are the first molecules to vaporize when heat is applied to cannabis. When you observe a strong aroma upon opening a jar of flower, it’s the
terpenes rapidly escaping into the air. In order to preserve the terpenes in your flower and hash products, they must be kept tightly sealed, and away from outside air and
Terpenes, like cannabinoids, are currently being studied for their potential therapeutic effects. Similarly, to cannabinoids, terpenes are very pharmacologically active, and they have the ability to interact with our lipids, cell membranes and membrane receptors, ion channels, neurotransmitter receptors, second messenger systems, and enzymes. Upon consumption, terpenes are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream through our fat cells, some even permeate the blood brain barrier with inhalation.
While many terpenes have been identified in cannabis, only a few consistently appear on lab tests of our flower. The predominant terpenes found in Higher Grade flower are Pinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Caryophyllene, Linalool, Humulene, and Bisabolol. We have a small discussion of each terpene below, that includes scientific research of isolated terpenes, and anecdotal cannabis cultural references. We are not offering any medical
suggestions or claims about consuming our cannabis.
Dominant Terpenes found in our strains: